glass

Heating Microscopy and its Applications

Heating microscopes were commercially introduced 60 years ago, and they immediately gained an important role in material science and engineering thanks to their wide field of application [1]. Nowadays, these instruments are used in both industry and …

Understanding the behaviour of glazes with the automatic Heating Microscope

The glasses are intrinsically complex systems, quite difficult to study because their structure has no long range order and they are not in a thermodynamically stable state. Ceramic glazes are undoubtedly far more complex than glasses because in most …

Double beam optical dilatometry

Thanks to the new double optical dilatometer, the ceramic scientist has the possibility to follow the behaviour of the sample during the heat treatment without interfering with the process. The applications brake the limits of traditional dilatometry …

New perspectives in the use of optical techniques for laboratory and process control

Expert System Solution has recently designed new measure techniques by means of optical insturments. These techniques concern the surface tension measurement in frits and melted glazes via Heating Microscope HSM, Bending of green tiles due to …

The measurement of surface tension at high Temperatures on glass samples using the drop Profile analysis

The measurement of the surface tension on glass at high temperatures is always troublesome, because of the inherent difficulties of the measurement. Surface tension can not be measured directly but it needs to be computed mathematically from the …